Methods for estimating greenhouse gas emissions from food systems – Part III: energy use in fertilizer manufacturing, food processing, packaging, retail and household consumption.


This paper is part of a series detailing new methodologies for estimating key components of agri-food systems emissions, with a view to disseminate the information in FAOSTAT. It describes methods for estimating greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from fossil fuel-based energy use in agri-food systems processes outside agricultural land, i.e. those associated with pre-and post-production activities – in an effort to inform countries of the environmental impacts of agri-food systems and the possible options to reduce them.

Additional Information

Organization Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)
Type of resource Methodologies and guidelines
Year of Release 2021

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